THE UNTOLD; MADIBA AND MADIBAISM

Amandela lot has been documented regarding Madiba as he is commonly referred to, by his compatriots. He is a unifying symbol of peace, an icon celebrated world over. In fact the UN set out a day to celebrate his life long achievements. He is a man that this generation has tried to ‘kill’ in vain especially in social media but his spirits surpass and overlook the negatives. Just recently, he celebrated his 95th birthday which caught many by surprise due to his deteriorating health.

Madibaism on the other hand is the positives he impacted to the world. He sacrificed his family life to fight for the black South Africans and to liberate them from apartheid and social segregation.mandela2 As a native African, I draw inspiration from him, Mandela symbolises tolerance, empathy, selflessness, forgiveness and true leadership.

In the midst of the awe we give him, there is more than meets the eye. Am told if you visit South Africa for the first time and probably visit the museums which include the house he used to live in with his family and Robben Island where he spent 18 out of 27 years in prison, you will be told of the positives that we all read in history books. But underneath, there is silent discomfort engineered by the likes of Julius Malema a controversial politician and leader of Economic Freedom Fighters. On the other hand is Azania’s People’s Organisation (AZAPO) which defied the wave of ANC in the 80’s to date. It is a political party formed out of conviction ANC had become bloated and corporatist. This is a party that campaigned for isolation of South Africa during the apartheid era by using trade unions and civic organisation to mobilise black people to fight for their rights.

AZAPO did not support Madiba, and instead blamed him for failing and duping black South Africans. As we speak, 80% of the land in the rainbow nation is owned by whites who form utmost, 10% of the population.Political pundits argue that Madibaism did little to unify its people. After the country gained independence, contrary to expectations, xenophobic cases increased. In 2008, more than 60 people died through a wave of xenophobic violence aimed at Zimbabweans and foreigners in Johannesburg and other cities.

South Africa has been facing a lot of challenges which not even Madiba and his zeal was able to resolve. The quality of education especially for most blacks is sub standard, corruption has undermined state legitimacy and worse still, it remains a deeply divided nation from racism to social classe. In 2007, UNAIDS reported that just under 12% of South Africans have HIV/AIDs making the nation to have the highest number of infected people in any single country in the world. In 2003, unemployment rate averaged at a record high of 32%.

In retrospect, we might have missed the point by forgetting that Madiba is a human being with flaws like everybody.  In any case he divorced twice and has had a wrangling family ever since. Perhaps its because he sacrificed a lot for the sake of his nation and probably over looked his own people. As they say, you cannot be everything to everybody. Am convinced he did his best, the ball is now on our side to endeavour in making the world a better place to live in.

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DEMYSTIFYING VAT BILL 2013

ImageFor starters government sources of income among others are taxes levied on incomes from individuals and corporations, revenue from government owned corporations, capital receipts from external loans, debts from international financial institutions, fines and penalties. Speaking of taxes, Value Added Tax serves as the backbone and the most effective way of collecting government revenue. However on the flip side, it is a nightmare to many businessmen who have to put up with Electronic Tax Register machines and feed all vatable transactions in the machine. Any typical investor who has no background in taxation finds it very amorphous .The reason is simple, there is a big disconnect between taxpayers and Kenya Revenue Authority in matters of public education and winning public confidence.

One thing I learnt in taxation classes is that, any form of tax must be economical in terms of costs involved to collect it, it must also be productive and more importantly tax payers must see value for their money. When government bureaucrats siphon out taxes through corruption and dubious deals, Kenyans are not impressed hence the need to evade paying taxes which unlike tax avoidance is illegal.

ImageGovernment of Kenya wants to overhaul the archaic VAT Act by putting measures meant to demystify it and tight all possible loopholes. It is in this regard that it decided to reduce about 400 items which were either zero rated or tax exempt to about 27 items. This has not gone down well with many Kenyans who think the government is not sensitive to the plight of its people by deciding to tax the so called essential commodities. Having a look at 2013-2014 national budget, government’s wisdom is based on the notion to tax virtually every sector and caution the vulnerable that is the aged, poor and disabled through subsidies. There is a theory that taxes should be targeted to those who need the services most so that they can understand and appreciate government depends on those taxes to run its affairs.

In the VAT Bill 2013, myriad of changes have been proposed starting with limit of claiming input VAT which has been reduced from 12 months to only 3 months.Electricity, diesel/oil for industrial use will now attract 16% tax from 12%. Maize flour and wheat commodities which  initially were to be taxed have been withdrawn from the list following public outcry. One interesting fact is that, a majority of Kenyans do not buy processed foods, only part of the middle class and the rich do so meaning they are cautioned. VAT is targeting those who can afford though politicians and other institutions have politicised the matter . Below is a list of changes proposed in the VAT Bill 2013:

Zero rated goods to become taxable

  • Computer software
  • Milk and cream except unprocessed milk
  • Sanitary towels and tampons
  • Medical dressings
  • Newspapers, journals and printed books
  • Cinematographic  cameras and projectors
  • Writing or drawing chalk

Zero- rated services to become taxable

  • Services in respect of goods in transit
  • Water drilling services
  • Landing and parking services provided for aircrafts
  • Electrical energy to domestic households
  • Services to film producers

Exempt  goods to become taxable

  • Helicopters and aircrafts
  • Cut flowers
  • Wood charcoal

Exempt services to become taxable

  • Management of unit trusts or collective investments
  • Postal services
  • Hiring, leasing and chartering of aircrafts  and helicopters including air ambulance aircrafts
  • Entertainment  performed by Kenyan artists
  • Tour operation and travel agency services

Zero- rated goods to become exempt

  • All electrical and mechanical appliances including generators
  • Mosquito nets
  • Kerosene type jet fuel

I hope you have been enlightened. Kulipa ushuru ni kujitegemea.